If you’re discussing white meat, and red meat with both a nutritionist and a chef, you’ll get two different definitions of what white meat and red meat are. For chefs, white meat can include pork, milk-fed young mammal flesh like lamb and veal, rabbit, and poultry. For dieticians, white meat is strictly poultry and fish. It can cause a lot of confusion. Poultry is usually considered white meat with fish in a separate category, while red meat includes beef, bison, venison, lamb, and pork.
That red liquid in the meat package at the grocery isn’t blood but water and a deep red protein, myoglobin, found in red meat. It’s what makes red meat red. Myoglobin is found in mammals. It isn’t why people often discourage the consumption of red meat, not because of the color, but other issues. Studies vary. Some studies link red meat to high cholesterol levels leading to cardiovascular disease due to the high saturated fat content. Other studies show it may increase the risk of colon cancer, especially if consumed regularly and not accompanied by a diet rich in fiber, fruits, and vegetables.
Moderate consumption of red meat may have some benefits. It’s loaded with nutrients. It offers complete protein, vitamin B12—often missing from a vegan diet, iron, selenium, niacin, and zinc. A complete protein contains all nine essential amino acids. Some types of red meat are healthier than others. Highly processed meats aren’t the same as lean red steak or other unprocessed meat. You lose many of the benefits of red meat due to the processing, which often makes them higher in salt and preservatives.
One recent study, which did not include fish, found both white meat and red meat could increase bad cholesterol levels. Chicken, usually considered white meat, is high in vitamin D. It also is high in the same nutrients as red meat. Fish, however, has a different profile, especially fatty fish. It contains a high amount of omega-3 fatty acids. It’s highly recommended on several diets. The Mediterranean diet, MIND diet, and other healthy diets all recommend at least two servings of fatty fish a week.
For more information, contact us today at Prime Fitness Studio